Mine Waste Management


Mining, chemical industry, building materials, fertilizer plants, etc.


1-30 t/h

Main Power

7.5-22 kw

Granule Size

3-10 mm

In the process of mining and utilization of mineral resources, it is inevitable to generate a large amount of ore waste. Waste rock is a kind of solid waste, including ore gravel, slag, waste ore, tailings, etc. If these ore wastes are not properly disposed of, they will have a serious impact on the environment.

Mine waste management is an integral part of the mining process of mineral resources. It involves the effective treatment and disposal of various wastes generated during the mining process, thereby reducing pollution and damage to the environment. With the improvement of environmental awareness and the strict implementation of relevant laws and regulations, mine waste management has become one of the key factors for the sustainable development of the mining industry.

24 hours to reply to technical inquiries

Why the importance of ore waste treatment

To begin with, the accumulation of waste will occupy a large amount of land resources and pollute the land. Secondly, waste contains a large amount of toxic and harmful substances. If it is discharged without any treatment, it will cause harm to the surrounding environment and human health. Therefore, you cannot ignore the importance of mine waste treatment.

These wastes, if not handled properly, will not only pollute the environment. But it may also have serious impacts on soil quality, water quality and so on. Therefore, it is crucial to effectively manage ore wastes by adopting appropriate treatment methods and measures, such as recycling and safe landfilling.

Rotary Drum Granulator

Rotary Drum Granulator

What are the Main types of mine waste?

Ore Powder

Ore Powder

  • 【Tailings waste】This is the waste material appearing after the ore raw material undergoes a beneficiation process. It contains fine parts of the ore and residues of chemicals in the beneficiation process.

  • 【Mine waste rock】During the mining process, a large amount of rock debris and ore residues will achieve, which are all mine waste rocks.

  • 【Slag waste】Typically, it mainly includes slag, slag and ore debris, etc. And it is the residual material after the processing of ore.

  • 【Ore waste】This type of material is relatively complex, including carbide slag, coal-associated clay that control pollutants, as well as boron mud and iron ore powder that catalyze and support combustion. These materials lose their use during ore processing and are generally waste.

  • 【Mine wastewater】It mainly includes groundwater, rainwater generated during the mining process, and wastewater during the ore washing process.

Hot selling mine crushing machine and auxiliary equipment

Jaw Crusher For Sale

Jaw crusher is a popular equipment for coarse crushing of mine rocks to provide suitable material particle size for subsequent processing. Its working principle is to crush ore through periodic movement between two jaw plates.

Manufacturer of Jaw Crushing Stone Plant

Manufacturer of Jaw Crushing Stone Plant

Raymond Mill

Raymond Mill

Raymond Mill For Sale

Raymond mill is of use for high-precision processing of coarsely crushed materials. Its working principle is to put the crushed phosphate mineral materials into the grinding chamber and grind them repeatedly under the pressure between the crushing roller and the grinding disc. Shunxin Raymond Mill has the characteristics of high crushing efficiency, low energy consumption and adjustable crushing particle size.

Rotary Screening Machine For Sale

The rotary drum screening machine is commonly of use in the production of compound fertilizers. And it can screen mine wastes of different sizes. During screening process, the different sizes of mine particles will fall from screens with different apertures to achieve the purpose of screening.

Granular Rotary Screening Machine

Granular Rotary Screening Machine

What does the process of mine waste treatment include?

Mine waste treatment and resource utilization play an important role in the mining industry. Meanwhile, it not only reduces environmental pollution but also recycles valuable substances. Therefore, it is necessary to use a series of processing equipment to process these ore wastes. The following is the main steps of mine waste processing.

Since there are many types of mineral fertilizers, different types of waste materials require different treatment methods. Therefore, it is necessary to first classify the ore waste based on its physical and chemical properties. After classification, the jaw crusher grinds the waste materials initially to facilitate subsequent processing.

Waste treatment and separation usually achieves by using physical, chemical and biological methods. Physical methods include screening, flotation, magnetic separation, and these  methods used to separate waste materials by size, density or magnetic properties. Chemical methods, such as leaching and dissolution methods, use chemical reactions or dissolution to separate and extract useful components. For biological methods, such as microbial degradation, is using biological action to break down and transform waste materials.

The separated renewable resources can be recycled for a second time. For example, limestone can be of use for lime production. And waste rock can be of application as construction sand. By utilizing useful components in mine waste, such as limestone, slag, ore tailings, these minerals can be of reuse in ore processing or as other industrial raw materials.

Hazardous waste that cannot be recycled and reused requires special treatment. This includes disposal through controlling landfill, incineration or chemical and physical methods to ensure that no harm is caused to the environment and human health.

The waste parts that cannot be recycled need to be finalized to reduce their pollution to the environment. This process includes solidification, landfilling or incineration. Before landfilling, waste materials usually need to be solidified and reinforced to prevent them from leaking and polluting the surrounding environment.

Structure of Milling Raymond Machine

Structure of Raymond Mill

What are the functions of processed mine waste?

Treated mine waste can fulfill a variety of roles, and they have important applications in a number of fields, including construction, environmental protection, and resource recovery. The following are some of the main roles.

Applications of Clay Pellets

Applications of Clay Pellets

After proper treatment and processing, you can transform ore waste into various construction materials, such as bricks, tiles and pavement materials. For example, you can process waste rock into sand and gravel aggregate. Because it is the most popular and indispensable basic material for construction of buildings, roads, bridges and other infrastructure projects.

Mine waste can be of use as base filler for roads, railroads and other infrastructures after proper treatment. At the same time, it can also fill the hollow after mining, fill the low-lying areas or as roads and railroads. This not only reduces waste dumping, but also saves land resources. Land reclamation and ecological restoration.

Certain mineral wastes are good soil conditioners and can be of use for land reclamation to improve soil quality, restore vegetation, reduce soil erosion and promote ecological recovery. For example, phosphorus tailings, which contain minerals beneficial to plant growth, can increase soil fertility and water retention capacity.

Some treated ore wastes can be of use for environmental remediation, such as the use of its adsorption properties to deal with heavy metals and other pollutants in wastewater, or as landfill cover materials to reduce groundwater pollution.

Some of the ore wastes can be of use as raw materials or mixed materials for cement production. For example, waste rock with high content of amorphous substances, such as vitreous volcanic rock, tuff, pumice, etc., as active mixed materials. In addition, blast furnace slag, fly ash, etc. are also common cement active mixed materials.

Why is the role of pulverization so important in the ore waste treatment process

The comminution step plays a crucial role in the mine waste treatment process. Moreover, the main objective of this step is to further crush the mine waste into smaller particles for subsequent processing or utilization.

Through pulverization, the contact area between the mine waste and the chemical reagents is significantly increasing. Hence, this helps to accelerate the chemical reaction process, improving ore utilization and reaction efficiency. In addition, the crushing step enables the classification and grading of ore waste. Ore wastes with different particle sizes have different values and uses in subsequent treatment or utilization processes. Effective utilization and maximization of resources can achieve through crushing process.